Shale Development and Exploration

Shale Development

NEW! Hear this webinar update on Shale Development in Ohio provided by Mike McCormac of the Ohio Department of Natural Resources on February 25, 2014.

Modern technology is allowing producers of natural gas to explore and develop Ohio's shale resources. Producers are now able to use horizontal drilling technology to access the deep layers of Marcellus and Utica shale found thousands of feet below the surface in Ohio. Another process, hydraulic fracturing, allows producers to fracture the shale layer to release natural gas and other resources. This combination of horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing is controversial to many Ohioans and welcomed by many others.

For a more in-depth explanation of the stages of shale development, visit the "Explore Shale" website developed by Penn State University. Additional information on shale development is available through these governmental resources:

The Ohio Department of Natural Resources (ODNR)

The Ohio Department of Natural Resources - Shale Development
Facts About Hydraulic Fracturing
Wastewater (Flowback) From Hydraulic Fracturing
Environmental Safety at the Well Site
Deep Injection Well Disposal
Production and Permitting Resources and Data
Geological Survey: Marcellus and Utica Shales Data

The United States Environmental Protection Agency

Natural Gas Extraction - Hydraulic Fracturing

Ohio Environmental Protection Agency

Sources of Water for Hydraulic Fracturing Fluids
Drill Cuttings from Oil and Gas Exploration
Drilling for Natural Gas in the Marcellus and Utica Shales

Seismic Testing

Landowners and community residents might first learn about shale development when seismic testing equipment moves into the community. Seismic testing allows operators to examine the shale production possibility in an area.

OSU Extension Shale Fact Sheets

Summary of Hydraulic Fracturing in Ohio

Seismic Testing and Oil & Gas Production


Videos on Shale Drilling Process and Impacts

Extension Educator Chris Penrose discusses the drilling processes and impacts involved in developing Ohio's shale resources.

In this video, the Ohio Department of Natural Resources details the shale development and extraction process in Ohio.