Water Sources and Hydraulic Fracturing
Water is a critical component used in drilling and developing Ohio's oil and natural gas resources. At drilling sites, water is used for various reasons including support purposes such as controlling dust on access roads and cleaning equipment; operational purposes purposes as a component in drilling fluid and cement; and for well stimulation (i.e. hydraulic fracturing).
In most cases, between 2 million and 6 million gallons of water are needed to complete a hydraulic fracturing operation on a Marcellus Shale or Utica Shale well.
For more information on sources of water for hydraulic fracturing fluids continue reading here.
Testing Your Private Water Source
The development of Ohio's shale oil and gas resources raises concern among many Ohioans about the potential impacts on groundwater. While the modern processes involved in shale development are tightly regulated, some argue that released gas or the salts, minerals, metals and chemicals used in the development process could contaminate private water supplies. The following resources provide more information on testing your private groundwater source:
Recommendations for Drinking Water Well Sampling Before Oil and Gas Drilling: http://www.epa.ohio.gov/portals/0/general%20pdfs/waterwellsampling.pdf
Know Your Well Water - Water Test Interpretation Tool
The Ohio State University, in conjunction with the Ohio Department of Health and Ohio EPA, has developed a well water test interpretation tool. This tool provides interpretation of water test results you have received from a water testing laboratory. The tool is available here: http://ohiowatersheds.osu.edu/well-educated-ohio.
OSU Extension Shale Fact Sheet Series
Testing Private Water Sources and Resolving Contamination Issues Near Shale Oil and Gas Development
Where to Have Your Water Tested